Surgery is a medical practice that treats different kinds of injuries and diseases by cutting into the body and removing or repairing the organs or tissues. Then, what is heart surgery? Heart surgery is a type of surgery where the surgeon cuts open the chest and performs surgery on the heart’s muscles, valves, or arteries.
Although some heart-related issues don’t require surgery, it is necessary to address certain issues from the best heart hospital in Bangalore. These issues or problems are heart failure, a partial or total buildup of plaque that blocks the flow of blood in a coronary artery, dilated or diseased major blood vessels like the aorta, abnormal heart rhythms, and faulty heart valves. Read further to know the types of heart surgery and the procedures after the heart surgery.
What are a few types of heart surgery?
There are a few types of heart surgery, and given below are the common coronary surgical procedures.
- Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG): When you have a blocked coronary artery, the surgeon takes the healthy vein or artery and connects it with the blocked artery. The surgeon performs this surgery to ensure that blood is supplied through the blocked coronary artery. Coronary artery bypass grafting is also known as coronary heart bypass surgery or heart bypass.
- Heart valve repair or replacement: In this procedure, the surgeons repair the valve of the heart by inserting a catheter and allowing a tiny balloon at its tip to inflate or deflate in order to open up a narrow valve. Additionally, surgeons can replace the damaged valve with an artificial one or a biological valve made from cow, pig, or human heart tissue.
- Heart transplant: In this procedure, the surgeons replace the damaged heart with a deceased donor’s healthy heart.
- Aneurysm repair: In this procedure, the surgeon takes a weak part of the artery and replaces it with a patch or graft to repair a balloon-like bulge in the heart muscle wall.
What happens after heart surgery?
Once your surgery is successfully complete, the nurses will keep you in the intensive care unit (ICU) or coronary care unit (CCU), where they will observe you, help you, and care for you. And there are possibilities that your nurse might put a tube in your mouth or throat for you to breathe after surgery.
At this time, you won’t be able to talk and may feel slight discomfort. But with the help of the tube, you will be able to breathe for a few hours until you are able to breathe on your own.
The doctors or nurses will monitor your heart rate, breathing, blood pressure, and various other signs to check for improvement. The doctors or surgeons will recommend you to spend a day or two in the intensive care unit. The type of surgery will determine this recommendation.
How long would you have to stay in the hospital after surgery?
As mentioned earlier, the doctors will suggest that you stay in the ICU for about two days until you get shifted to a regular room for several more days. Generally, some doctors allow patients to get discharged from the hospital as early as four days, although some might take a few more days than four. It all depends upon the recovery of the patient.
So, in case you have a heart problem, you can look for the best best heart hospital in Bangalore, where you will certainly get the best doctors who will consult and perform surgery for you to recover once and for all.